Author: Bashur local node
In the 1970's, the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) led the liberation movement of the Kurdish people, based on ideas of socialist inspiration. Upon its leader, Abdullah Öcalan, was imprisoned on the island of Imrali to serve a life sentence on charges of treason (1999), he developed new theses that led to a so-called paradigm shift. Based on these, the Kurdish movement began then to promote a model of an organization named Democratic Confederalism and Democratic Autonomy, for the four parts of Kurdistan.
These four areas inhabited by the Kurdish people are the result of a division carried out in 1923, following the Sykes-Picot agreement and as a consecuence of a boycott by France and England, after the attempt by the Kurds to found their own State. This, finally, made a combined population of approximately 40,000,000 stateless people (being the biggest nation with no State in the world), unevenly divided within the territory of four different States:
Bakur - North (Turkey)
Başur - South (Iraq)
Rojhilat - East (Iran)
Rojava - West (Syria)
Among these, those who are followers of Öcalan's philosophy are known as "Apoists", -derived from APO, the short for “uncle” Öcalan-. For the Kurdish movement, the concept of Apoist -which today involves many actors and organizations in both military and political capacities-, has now gravitated away from the idea of founding a State, resulting in a model of organization that could be interesting for the development of the FairCoop general idea of an autonomous ecosystem.
Crisis in the region
Crises born out of power struggles are experienced both by means of warfare and by the ever-decreasing rate of profit provided by financial, commercial and industrial means. If the cost of wars is excessive and not compensated for in other ways, social and economic depression is unavoidable.
Societies in which hierarchy and State (generally power-based systems) have not developed, like the Kurdish one, are affected predominantly by crisis derived from geo-biological problems, such as political, economic and demographic.
A temporary crisis can turn into a systemic downturn, even more so if it comes from a confluence of factors. Now, the social situation in our region is unsustainable under the prevailing system. The social structure breaks down, creating a chaotic environment and making necessary the development of new systemic structures.
- Those who have prepared more sophisticated responses to the ideological and structural flux of social and economic forces will seize the chance to take a leading role in the new system.
- Those who have a fatalistic understanding of history as a "straight line" have had particularly poor results in trying to predict how things will turn out. Projecting a very complex nature, such as society, in the form of engineering studies has been an attempt to remedy the crisis which has led to a further deepening of the depression. The nakedness of the Syrian example and the games played today in the area are a good example.
All social segments are affected by depression, but some marginalized social enemies of the current system can benefit from the process of creation of this new social bases: the female is influenced negatively by the male centrality and hierarchy, slave by the lord, peasant by the agha, officer by the chief, worker by the boss. The whole society is adversely affected by the pressure and exploitation devices of the power monopolies and suffers harm, exploitation, oppression and torture.
The solutions offered by power and their monopolies are more intensive forms of power and exploitation. The opposite is constant resistance and uprisings, counter-wars.
Middle Eastern communities had the chance to lead the economic values both in pre-history and later. They know what economy is. What they find difficult to understand are the catastrophes they have suffered under the name of the vampire economy called capitalism, real economic genocides.
Capitalism is not an indispensable element of economic life, but a major problem, carcinogen. This reality will better be understood when the activities carried out by the capitalism in areas such as oil, gas, water, automobiles, etc., which destroy the environment and strangle the society. The current turning of the society into unemployed, professionless, immigrant, family-free masses makes the magnitude of the disaster more understandable.
Now, the tribal system in Middle Eastern societies is increasingly shrinking. Bedouin's tribal character was gradually wiped out by Arabs, and Turkmens by the Turks. The Kurmandj, from the Kurdish people, are the main source of democratization of society. Democratic ideology and political movement must first organize all these segments together. These are the main forces of democratic modernity.
Also, it is an indispensable historical social task to appraise all sects - as main places of monotheistic religions, especially minorities like Yezidis, Alevis, Syriacs, Armenians, Hellenes, Jews- as cultural treasures, to build as an institute or academy and to evaluate its members in terms of democratic modernity, by recognizing equal, free and democratic living under all conditions. Rojava movement is leading the way in the direction of Abdullah Ocalan's ideas and because of that keep its place in the target of many power sections.
Throughout this process, the de-facto situation in Rojava facilitated the expansion of Democratic Autonomy as a unified experience involving three cantons. For this reason, closely examining and evaluating the ideological-political project and the experiences making up the Kurds will for self-governance and their claims for autonomy seems to be vital for discussions about the peace and resolution process as well as the collective future.
Industrialism and ecology
Ecology plays a vital role in the disclosure of industrial insecurity. If a system keeps its environment, that is, the indispensable atmosphere of life, out of sustainability, it can not be defended for any reason. In the age of industrial capitalism, the system has not only become barbarized in its true sense, it has become the real reaper (Azrael) of life. The famous concept of industrialization of arts, sports and sex shows that the society is consumed morally and consciously.
In all areas of society such as material and spiritual culture, the shocking of ecological wall impact against industrialism, nation-state formation and capitalism is not only a call for free democratic society but a call to life itself.
The industry could be assumed as a rebellious era against the ecological era, but to revolt against the ecology will bring us to doomsday. Because the industrial age society cannot sustain its life without taking care of its ecology in all areas.
"How the democratic constitutions are aimed to limit Leviathan (nation-state beast), so ecology is the one who will limit industrial monstrosity". Abdullah Öcalan
The approach to economy in Öcalan’s writings, the so-called Communal Economy is built by the Rojava Center for the Improvement and Strengthening of the local Economy, based on the pillars of democracy, ecology and women emancipation. These three principles set out the foundations of the Communal Economy in the democratic autonomy. This communal, or social economy, is built up between the councils, communes and cooperatives.
Who is the first owner of economy?
It may sound strange, but we believe the true owner of the economy, despite all the attempts to invade and colonize, is still the woman. If we wish to meaningfully evaluate economy from a sociological perspective, we must see the woman (bearing, carrying, raising and nurturing children until they can be independent, as well as being the artisan of the house) as the fundamental power.
This sociologically based answer is far more respectful to the truth and It doesn't ignore the relationship between economy and biology. As the gatherer of plants for millions of years, as the main actor in the agricultural revolution to date, not only inside the house but in many areas of economic life, it is the woman who has always spun the wheel. The ancient Greeks determined this truth thousands of years ago and acknowledged it by naming woman's household management, economy.
Second in line after the women are, of course, those who fall into the category of slave, serf, and worker. Endless, merciless methods ensure their labour and keep them under the strictest leash in order that the civilizational powers can seize the surplus product and value.
Rojava's construction of this ecological wall by the hands of women, in its base and consolidation with FairCoin will be useful in many ways and a good investment for the future.
Therefore, we have to understand that working for the system is equal to modern slavery, in order to support the success of FairCoop which is our powerful alternative. The Rojava system must take FairCoin (which is real and fair alternative economy) in discussions with a form to cover all the society. In this respect, it is necessary to use, encourage and provide necessary facilities within itself.
Rojava peoples who lead the region in democratization should also lead in creating their own ecologically and environmentally friendly alternative economy. Thus, the built work will have a solid ground.
In the next post, we hope to evaluate the FairCoin progression in Rojava :)
Please visit the following link to find out more about the systems in the region.
For more detailed references, explanations and reaching some of Abdullah OCALAN's books you can download the app "Netewa Demokrat" and also the folowing link: http://www.ocalan-books.com.